Category - Anal
Anal cancer treatment options include radiation therapy, chemotherapy, andor surgery. Get detailed information about newly diagnosed and recurrent anal cancer including risk factors, symptoms, diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment in this expert-reviewed summary. Cancers of the anal canal (above the anal verge) cancers of the anal margin (below the anal verge) sometimes anal cancers extend from one area into the other, so its hard to know exactly where they started. The anal canal is surrounded by 2 sphincter muscles that keep the anus closed and prevent stool leakage. In males in the uk, anal cancer is not among the 20 most common cancers, with around 510 new cases in 2017. Incidence rates for anal cancer in the uk are highest in people aged 90 (2015-2017). At first, most people assume the bleeding is caused by hemorrhoids (painful, swollen veins in the anus and rectum that may bleed). While theyre unlikely to be caused by anal cancer, its best to get them checked out. A gp will usually ask about your symptoms and carry out some examinations. The anus is the part of the large bowel that opens to the outside of the body. Anal cancer is rare, but google searches about it are soaring after marcia cross revealed she is recovering from it. Here we explain the cancer, which killed farrah fawcett in 2015. Approximately half of all anal cancers are diagnosed before the malignancy has spread beyond the primary site, whereas 13 to 25 are diagnosed after the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes, and.